To Market: Packing and Canning Industries in Maryland

National History Standards

Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following National History Standards for Grades 5-12:

Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

Standard 3 The rise of the American labor movement and how political issues reflected social and economic changes 

Standard 3A: The student understands how the "second industrial revolution" changed the nature and conditions of work.

7-12: Explain the change from workshop to factory and how it altered the worker's world. [Analyze cause-and-effect relationships] 
9-12: Account for employment in different regions of the country as affected by gender, race, ethnicity, and skill. [Formulate historical questions] 

Era 8: The Great Depression and World War II (1929-1945) 

STANDARD 1 The causes of the Great Depression and how it affected American society. 

Standard 1B: The student understands how American life changed during the 1930s. 

7-12: Analyze the impact of the Great Depression on industry and workers and explain the response of local and state officials in combating the resulting economic and social crises. [Analyze multiple causation]

Primary Resources

  1. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, Canning factory on St. John Street
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: n. d.
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-5339
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  2. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, women hand-packing tomatoes in a cannery
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: n. d.
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-6186
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  3. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, workers picking peaches at Harrison's Nurseries
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: n. d.
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-6491
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  4. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, picking crabs for market 
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: before 1906
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-4752
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  5. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, B. E. Harrington Canning Factory, Taylor's Island, Md.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: ca. 1910
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-5333
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  6. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, Strawberry sorters packing crates
    PHOTOGRAPHER: Unknown
    CREATED/PUBLISHED: ca. 1925
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-1-6609
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  7. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, Anne Arundel County farmers with strawberry harvest
    PHOTOGRAPHER: Unknown
    CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1928
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-1-6734
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  8. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, picking string beans by the bushel basket
    CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1928
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-1-6564
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  9. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, McGrath Company canning facility 
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: ca.1940
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-6185
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  10. DESCRIPTION: Photograph, Women picking crabmeat
    PHOTOGRAPHER: Unknown
    CREATED/PUBLISHED: c. 1940
    SOURCE: Robert G. Merrick Archives of Maryland Historical Photographs, MSA SC 1477-1-6720
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

See also:

Additional Media Resources

America from the Great Depression to World War II: Black-and-White Photographs from the FSA-OWI, 1935-1945

The Documentary Eye - photographs from Farm Security Administration project (FSA)

USDA Historical Photos

Associated Heritage and Preservation Organizations

National Colonial Farm Museum
3400 Bryan Point Road
Accokeek, MD 20607 - 9676
(301) 283-2113
Oxon Hill Farm
6400 Oxon Hill Road
Oxon Hill, MD 20745 - 1106
(202) 690-5185
Carroll County Farm Museum (former almshouse)
500 South Center St.
Westminster, MD 21157
(410) 876-2667, (410) 848-7775
1-800-654-4645 (toll free)

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Credits

Teaching American History in Maryland is a collaborative partnership of the Maryland State Archives and the Center for History Education (CHE), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), and the following sponsoring school systems: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System, Baltimore County Public Schools, and Howard County Public Schools.

Other program partners include the Martha Ross Center for Oral History, Maryland Historical Society, State Library Resource Center/Enoch Pratt Free Library, with assistance from the National Archives and Records Administration and the Library of Congress. The program is funded through grants from the U.S. Department of Education.

This document packet was researched and developed by Nancy Bramucci.

 

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