Lewis and Clark and the Corps of Discovery

National History Standards

Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following National History Standards for Grades 5-12:

Era 4: Expansion and Reform (1801-1861)

Standard 1: United States territorial expansion between 1801 and 1861, and how it affected relations with external powers and Native Americans 

Standard 1A: The student understands the international background and consequences of the Louisiana Purchase, the War of 1812, and the Monroe Doctrine.

9-12: Assess how the Louisiana Purchase affected relations with Native Americans and the lives of various inhabitants of the Louisiana Territory. [Explain historical continuity and change]

STANDARD 2: How the industrial revolution, increasing immigration, the rapid expansion of slavery, and the westward movement changed the lives of Americans and led toward regional tensions 

Standard 2E: The student understands the settlement of the West.

5-12: Explore the lure of the West and the reality of life on the frontier. [Examine the influence of ideas] 
7-12: Analyze cultural interactions among diverse groups in the trans-Mississippi region. [Consider multiple perspectives] 

Primary Resources

  1. TITLE: Thomas Jefferson
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  photomechanical print, created/published [between 1890 and 1940(?)]
    NOTES: reproduction of the 1805 Rembrandt Peale painting of Thomas Jefferson held by the New-York Historical Society.
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 

  2. TITLEPortrait of William Clark
    ARTIST:  Charles Willson Peale
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  ca. 1807
    REPOSITORY: Independence National Historic Park

  3. TITLEPortrait of Meriwether Lewis
    ARTIST:  Charles Willson Peale
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  ca. 1807-08
    REPOSITORY: Independence National Historic Park

  4. TITLE: [Meriwether Lewis, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right]
    ARTIST: Charles Balthazar Julien Fevret de Saint-Mémin
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: [1805]
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

  5. TITLE: Draft of Constitutional Amendment Incorporating Louisiana Territory into the United States
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1803
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  6. TITLE: A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia containing the whole province of Maryland with part of Pensilvania, New Jersey and North Carolina. Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1751.
    CARTOGRAPHER: Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: London, Thos. Jefferys [1755]
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE: Map Collections: 1500-2004
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  7. TITLE: Map of the country about the Mississippi. Drawn by Chegeree (the Indian) who says he has travelled through the country.
    CARTOGRAPHER: Chegeree.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: [1755?]
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE: Map Collections: 1500-2004
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  8. TITLE: [Lewis and Clark map, with annotations in brown ink by Meriwether Lewis, tracing showing the Mississippi, the Missouri for a short distance above Kansas, Lakes Michigan, Superior, and Winnipeg, and the country onwards to the Pacific].
    CARTOGRAPHER: N. King
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: [1803?]
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE: Map Collections: 1500-2004
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C.

  9. TITLE: A map of part of the continent of North America : between the 35th and 51st degrees of north latitude, and extending from 890 degrees of west longitude to the Pacific Ocean / compiled from the authorities of the best informed travellers by M. Lewis ; copied by Nicholas King, 1805
    CARTOGRAPHER: William Clark
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: [1805]
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE: Map Collections: 1500-2004
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  10. TITLE: A map of Lewis and Clark's track across the western portion of North America, from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean : by order of the executive of the United States in 1804, 5 & 6 / copied by Samuel Lewis from the original drawing of Wm. Clark ; Neele, sculp.
    CARTOGRAPHER: Samuel Lewis
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: London : Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, 1814
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE: Map Collections: 1500-2004
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  11. TITLE: A map of the discoveries of Capt. Lewis & Clark from the Rockey Mountain and the River Lewis to the Cap of Disappointement or the Coloumbia River at the north Pacific Ocean / by observation of Robert Frazer.
    CARTOGRAPHER: Robert Frazer
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: [1807?]
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE: Map Collections: 1500-2004
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  12. TITLEThe Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
    NOTES: Text of the Nebraska edition of the Lewis and Clark journals, edited by Gary E. Moulton.  
    SOURCE:  The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Online

  13. TITLE: Thomas Jefferson to Congress
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: January 18, 1803
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  14. TITLE: Letter, William Clark to Thomas Jefferson [transcription available]
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: July 24, 1803
    NOTES: "I had the honor of receiving thro' Captain M. Lewis an assureance of yourApprobation & wish that I would join him in a North Western enterprise. I willchearfully, and with great pleasure, join my friend Capt. Lewis in this Vast enterprise, and shall arrange my business so as to be in readiness to leave this soon after his arrival. May I request the favour of you to forward the inclosed letter to Capt. Lewis, should he not be with you. I have the honor to be with great respect your Mo. Ob. and Sincear ... Wm. Clark"
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C.

  15. TITLE: Letter, Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson [transcription available] 
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: October 3, 1803
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  16. TITLE: Letter, William Clark to Thomas Jefferson [transcription available] 
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 3, 1805
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

  17. TITLE: Letter, Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson, with Invoice  [transcription available]
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 7, 1805
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C.  

  18. TITLE: Letter, Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson [transcription available]
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: September 23, 1806
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: The Thomas Jefferson Papers Series 1. General Correspondence. 1651-1827
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 

See also: 

  • Bergon, Frank, ed. The Journals of Lewis and Clark. New York: Penguin Books, 1989
  • DeVoto, Bernard, ed. The Journals of Lewis and Clark. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1997
  • Jackson, Donald, ed. Letters of the Lewis and Clark Expedition With Related Documents 1783-1854. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1962.
  • Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Journals of Lewis and Clark, Volumes 1-13. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001.

Additional Media Resources

Searching for Sacagawea. From National Geographic.

Journal of Lewis and Clark. From the National Park Service

Lewis and Clark National Bicentennial Exhibition.

National Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commemoration

The Journals of Lewis and Clark. Transcription from the University of Virginia.

Rivers, Edens, and Empires: Lewis and Clark and the Revealing of America. From the Library of Congress

PBS Online: Lewis and Clark. From PBS.

The Ultimate Adventure: Lewis and Clark. From Time Magazine.

Additional Instructional Resources 

Teaching Units and Lesson Plans. From the National Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Exhibition.

Journeys West. From the Library of Congress Learning Page.

Teaching With Documents: The Lewis and Clark Expedition. From the National Archives.

Classroom Resources. From PBS.

Corps of Discovery Trunk.

Education World© Meet the Corps of Discovery: The Members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

Lesson Planning: The Lewis and Clark Expedition: Teaching Resources. From Education World.

Secondary Resources 

Ambrose, Stephen E. Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis, Thomas Jefferson, and the Opening of the American West. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996.

Clarke, Charles G. The Men of the Lewis and Clark Expedition: A Biographical Roster of the Fifty-one Members and a Composite Diary of Their Activities from all the Known Sources. Glendale, California: A. H. Clark Co., 1970. 

James, Caroline. Nez Perce Women in Transition, 1877-1990. Moscow, Idaho: University of Idaho Press, 1996.

Ronda, James P. Finding the West: Explorations with Lewis and Clark. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2001.

Ronda, James P. Lewis and Clark among the Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984. Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2002.

Slaughter, Thomas P. Exploring Lewis and Clark: Reflections On Men and Wilderness. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2003.

Copyright and Other Restrictions

Access to materials linked within these document packets is intended for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity and privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. The responsibility for making an independent legal assessment and independently securing any necessary rights rests with persons desiring to use particular items in the context of the intended use.

Password Access to Materials

The use of any user name and password to access materials on this web site constitutes an agreement by the user to abide by any and all copyright restrictions and is an acknowledgement that these materials will be used for personal and educational use only. In most instances, the username aaco and password aaco# will work. Contact ref@mdsa.net if you have any questions or have difficulty accessing files.

Credits

Teaching American History in Maryland is a collaborative partnership of the Maryland State Archives and the Center for History Education (CHE), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), and the following sponsoring school systems: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System, Baltimore County Public Schools, and Howard County Public Schools.

Other program partners include the Martha Ross Center for Oral History, Maryland Historical Society, State Library Resource Center/Enoch Pratt Free Library, with assistance from the National Archives and Records Administration and the Library of Congress. The program is funded through grants from the U.S. Department of Education.

This document packet was researched and developed by Nancy Bramucci.

 

Teaching American History | Document Packets Index

 
 
  An Archives of Maryland Online Publication • © Copyright 2001-2005 Maryland State Archives
Maryland State Archives • 350 Rowe Boulevard • Annapolis, MD 21401 • 410-260-6400 • msa.helpdesk@maryland.gov