Baltimore and Federal Occupation

Maryland State Archives
350 Rowe Boulevard
Annapolis, MD 21401

Phone: (410) 260-6400

National History Standards

Era 5
Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877)
The course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people.

Standard 2B
The student understands the social experience of the war on the battlefield and home front.

Evaluate the Union's reasons for curbing wartime civil liberties. [Consider multiple perspectives]

Primary Resources

  1. TITLE:  Occupation of the Post Office, Corner of Gay and Lombard Streets, Baltimore Maryland
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  July 13, 1861
    SOURCE:  Cator Collection of Baltimore Views, Cator Print #146
    REPOSITORY: Enoch Pratt Free Library, Maryland Department State Library Resource Center

  2. TITLE:   Union Artillery at Fort Federal Hill, Baltimore, 1862
    PHOTOGRAPHER: David Bachrach
    NOTES: Image reproduction and permission
    SOURCE:  Image No. Z24.542
    REPOSITORY: Maryland Historical Society Library, Special Collections Department 

  3. TITLE:  General Dix's Proclamation...Done at the Baltimore Bastile, this 4th day of September, the first year of Abraham's glorious and peaceful reign.
    SOURCE:  An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
    REPOSITORY:  Library of Congress, American Memory

  4. TITLE:  Civil War - female Rebel in Baltimore
    NOTES: Image reproduction and permission
    SOURCE:   Image No. Z24.651
    REPOSITORY:  Maryland Historical Society Library

  5. TITLE:  The Spirit of the Ladies of Baltimore
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  March 22, 1862
    SOURCE:  Savannah [GA] Republican
    REPOSITORY:  RED, WHITE AND RED: Not so Subtle Protest in the Border States

  6. TITLE:  The Maryland Legislature Arrests
    September 23, 1861
    This is a letter to William H. Seward, Secretary of State to from Allan Pinkerton (Pinkerton detectives).  It concerns the ordered arrests of officials in Baltimore.
    Kyreb & Bootneck's Scots in the Civil War

  7. TITLE:  Baltimore and the nineteenth of April 1861
    AUTHOR:  George William Brown
    An excellent primary source from someone who lived in Baltimore during the Federal occupation.
    The Capital and the Bay: Narratives of Washington and the Chesapeake Bay Region, ca. 1600-1925 
    Library of Congress, American Memory

Additional Media Resources

The Civil War: A Region Divided

Scott Sheads, Baltimore Bastile

TITLE:  Freedom and Justice Defended
NOTE:  Piece about a circuit judge who was beaten and imprisoned in Baltimore's Fort McHenry.
SOURCE: William H. Wroten, Jr., (History Professor, Salisbury State Teachers College)

Additional Instructional Resources

Resources on Incorporating Primary Sources and Historic Sites in Classroom Instruction

Ladies, Contraband and Spies:  Women in the Civil War

The Civil War Through a Child's Eye

Secondary Resources

Browne, Gary Lawson. Baltimore in the Civil War. (Baltimore, MD: University of Maryland Baltimore County?, 198-)

Callum, Agnes Kane. 9th Regiment United States Colored Troops: Volunteers of Maryland, Civil War, 1863-1866. (Baltimore, MD: Mullac Publishers, 1999).

Cottom, Robert I. and Mary Ellen Hayward. Maryland in the Civil War: A House Divided. (Baltimore, MD: Maryland Historical Society: distributed by Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994).

Denton, Lawrence M. A southern star for Maryland: Maryland and the Secession Crisis, 1860-1861. (Baltimore, MD: Publishing Concepts, 1995).

Sheads, Scott S. and Daniel Carroll Toomey. Baltimore during the Civil War.  (Linthicum, MD: Toomey Press, 1997).

Associated Heritage and Preservation Organization

Baltimore Civil War Museum -
President Street Station

601 President Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
(410) 385-5188
Fort McHenry
2600 E Fort Avenue
Baltimore, MD 21230
410 962-4290

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This document packet was researched and developed by Rose Marie King.

An Archives of Maryland Online Publication
© Copyright, Maryland State Archives, July 01, 2005