Abraham Lincoln

The Civil War Homefront: Gettysburg Address

Maryland State Archives
350 Rowe Boulevard
Annapolis, MD 21401

Phone: (410) 260-6400
Internet: mdsa.net
e-mail: archives@mdsa.net

National History Standards

Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following National History Standards for Grades 5-12:

Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877) 

STANDARD 2: The course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people. 

5-12: Identify the turning points of the war and evaluate how political, military, and diplomatic leadership affected the outcome of the conflict. [Assess the importance of the individual in history] 
9-12: Analyze the purpose, meaning, and significance of the Gettysburg Address. [Identify the author of the historical document and assess its credibility]

Primary Resources

  1. TITLE:  Letter, David Wills to Abraham Lincoln. Invitation to attend the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg and make a “few appropriate remarks"
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  November 2, 1863
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE:  The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Series 1. General Correspondence. 1833-1916.
    REPOSITORY:  Library of Congress, Washington, DC

  2. TITLE:  Gettysburg Address: Nicolay Copy
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  November 1863
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE:  The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Series 3. General Correspondence. 1837-1897.
    REPOSITORY:  Library of Congress, Washington, DC

  3. TITLE:  Gettysburg Address: Hay Copy
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  November 1863
    REPRODUCTIONS: How to Order Reproductions
    COPYRIGHT: Copyright and Other Restrictions
    SOURCE:  The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress. Series 3. General Correspondence. 1837-1897.
    REPOSITORY:  Library of Congress, Washington, DC

  4. TITLE: Photograph, National Cemetery, Gettysburg, Pa.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: c 1913
    REPRODUCTIONS: Rights and Reproductions
    SOURCE: Panoramic Photographs
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, DC

  5. TITLE: Eyewitness account, William V. Rathvon
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1938
    NOTES: At the age of nine, William V. Rathvon witnessed Lincoln's delivery of the Gettysburg Address. This recording was made in 1938 as a 78 RPM record. You will need the free RealAudio player to listen to audio files.
    SOURCE: National Public Radio, Gettysburg Eyewitness. Produced by Jay Allison.

  6. TITLE: Photograph, The Only Known Photograph of President Lincoln at the dedication of the Civil War cemetery at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, November 19, 1863.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: November 19, 1863
    SOURCE: The Gettysburg Address
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, DC

  7. TITLE:  Transcription, Gettysburg Address
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED:  November 19, 1863
    NOTES: Includes printer-friendly version
    SOURCE:  TeachingAmericanHistory.org

  8. TITLE: Reading of the Gettysburg Address, by actor Sam Waterston, for National Public Radio Morning Edition in honor of the 140th anniversary of the occasion.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: November 18, 2003
    SOURCE: National Public Radio, Morning Edition 

Additional Media Resources

The Collected Works of Abraham Lincoln. Sponsored by the Abraham Lincoln Association.

The Presidential Papers of Abraham Lincoln Online. A collaborative project of the Abraham Lincoln Association, the Lincoln Studies Center, the Library of Congress, the Lehrman Institute and the Lincoln Institute.

The Time of the Lincolns. From PBS.

Additional Instructional Resources

Resources on Incorporating Primary Sources and Historic Sites in Classroom Instruction

Abraham Lincoln: Gettysburg Address. From C-SPAN American Writers

Secondary Resources

Olcott, Mark S. "A Field Trip to Gettysburg: A Model Experience" (in The Craft of Teaching) The History Teacher (Aug. 1987): 487-496. 

Roelofs H.M. "Teaching the Gettysburg Address: A Critique" New Political Science, (September 1, 2000): 403-409.

Password Access to Journal Articles

Some journal articles linked to this site require password access due to copyright and other restrictions. Teachers participating in the Teaching American History in Maryland program with a valid University of Maryland (UMBC) Library card can access these materials through ResearchPort.

Associated Heritage and Preservation Organizations

Gettysburg National Military Park
97 Taneytown Road
Gettysburg, PA 17325-2804
Visitor Information (717) 334-1124
Wills House
6 Lincoln Square
York & Baltimore Streets
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
(717) 334-8188 or (717) 334-2100

Copyright and Other Restrictions

Access to materials linked within these document packets is intended for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or holders of other rights (such as publicity and privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. The responsibility for making an independent legal assessment and independently securing any necessary rights rests with persons desiring to use particular items in the context of the intended use.

Password Access to Materials

The use of any user name and password to access materials on this web site constitutes an agreement by the user to abide by any and all copyright restrictions and is an acknowledgement that these materials will be used for personal and educational use only. In most instances, the username aaco and password aaco# will work. Contact ref@mdsa.net if you have any questions or have difficulty accessing files.

Credits

Teaching American History in Maryland is a collaborative partnership of the Maryland State Archives and the Center for History Education (CHE), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), and the following sponsoring school systems: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System, Baltimore County Public Schools, and Howard County Public Schools.

Other program partners include the Martha Ross Center for Oral History, Maryland Historical Society, State Library Resource Center/Enoch Pratt Free Library, with assistance from the National Archives and Records Administration and the Library of Congress. The program is funded through grants from the U.S. Department of Education.

An Archives of Maryland Online Publication
© Copyright, Maryland State Archives, April 06, 2005