The Civil War Homefront: Nursing

National History Standards

Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following National History Standards for Grades 5-12:

Era 5: Civil War and Reconstruction (1850-1877) 

STANDARD 2: The course and character of the Civil War and its effects on the American people. 

Standard 2B: The student understands the social experience of the war on the battlefield and homefront. 

5-12: Compare women's homefront and battlefront roles in the Union and the Confederacy. [Compare and contrast differing sets of ideas] 

Primary Resources

  1. TITLE: Letter, Clara Barton to the Adjutant General of Maryland. Includes Adjutant General's notations on the back of letter and envelope with notations
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: June 6, 1865
    SOURCE: ADJUTANT GENERAL (Civil War Papers) 1864-1865, MSA S935-6, 2/5/2/93
    RESPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives 

  2. TITLE: Letter to the Masonic Fraternity in the United States in support of Clara Barton's work to locate missing men, May 15, 1865.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: May 15, 1865
    SOURCE: ADJUTANT GENERAL (Civil War Papers) 1864-1865, MSA S935-6, 2/5/2/93
    RESPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  3. TITLE: Clara Barton's list of missing Civil War soldiers
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1865
    SOURCE: ADJUTANT GENERAL (Civil War Papers) 1864-1865, MSA S935-6, 2/5/2/93
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  4. TITLE: Clara Barton House, 5801 Oxford Rd., Glen Echo, Montgomery County, MD
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: Documentation compiled after 1933.
    MEDIUM: Includes 9 drawings, 11 black and white photos, and 1 data page. 
    SOURCE: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress

  5. TITLE:  [Clara Barton, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right
    CREATED/PUBLISHED:  ca. 1865.
    MEDIUM:  1 photographic print on carte de visite mount.
    NOTES: How To Order Copies of This Item
    SOURCE: Clara Barton Collection.
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. 

  6. DESCRIPTION: Diary of Clara Barton
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1903-1910
    MEDIUM: 1 microfilm reel. Microfilm 10,990-1P. 
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress, Manuscript Reading Room (Madison, LM101).

  7. DESCRIPTION:  Through the weary years of the war Clara Barton stayed at her post 
    CREATED/PUBLISHED:  [between 1900 and 1959]
    MEDIUM:  1 photoprint.
    NOTES: How To Order Copies of This Item
    SOURCE: Hermann P. Riccius Collection
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. 

  8. DESCRIPTION:  Grounds at Andersonville, Georgia, where are buried fourteen thousand Union soldiers, who died in Andersonville Prison / sketched by I.C. Schotel. Includes Clara Barton raising the national flag, August 17, 1865, in far background
    CREATED/PUBLISHED:  [published 1865]
    MEDIUM:  1 print : wood engraving.
    NOTES: Illus. in: Harper's Weekly, 1865 Oct., p. 633. How To Order Copies of This Item.
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. 

  9. DESCRIPTION:  [Fredericksburg, Va. Nurses and officers of the U.S. Sanitary Commission].
    PHOTOGRAPHER:
    Gardner, James, b. 1832, photographer.
    CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1864 May.
    NOTES: Photograph from the main eastern theater of war, Grant's Wilderness Campaign, May-June 1864. Photograph includes women
    SOURCE: Selected Civil War Photographs, 1861-1865
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division 

  10. TITLE: Mrs. Charles K. Clairborne. Account of experiences while bringing her wounded brother home. 
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: n. d.
    SOURCE: United Daughters of the Confederacy Collection, MSA SC 213-1-7 00/10/02/24
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  11. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning a contraband slave.
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: March 4,1862. 
    NOTES: Describes a Confederate soldier trying to take possession of contraband slave working in Union hospital. Written from: Point Lookout, Maryland. 
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society 
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society 

  12. DESCRIPTION: Letter home from a Union nurse after a trip to Baltimore.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: n.d.
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  13. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse describing duties and daily life.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 18, 1863
    SOURCE:
    Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  14. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse describing hospital wards and procedures.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 7, 1863
    SOURCE:
    Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  15. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning attitudes toward African-Americans]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: May 21, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  16. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning attitudes toward African-Americans.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: May 11, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  17. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning her duties and social life.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 15, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  18. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning hospital staff and politics.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 2, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  19. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning hospital conditions and other nurses.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 10, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  20. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse describing her care of hospitalized soldiers.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: March 17, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  21. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse requesting items be sent to her.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: February 25, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  22. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse concerning daily life in a military hospital.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: March 26, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

  23. DESCRIPTION: [Letter home from a Union nurse describing her duties and hospital conditions.]
    AUTHOR: Sarah R. Blunt
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: April 6, 1863
    SOURCE: Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society
    REPOSITORY: New York Historical Society

See also:

Additional Media Resources

American Women in the Civil War, 1861-1865

Remember the Ladies

Resources on Women in the Civil War

The Valley of the Shadow

National Museum of Civil War Medicine

Medical Care in the City of Baltimore 1752-1919

American Red Cross

Additional Instructional Resources

Civil War Weaponry and Medicine: A Disastrous Mismatch. From the UMBC Center for History Education, Teaching American History Lesson Plans.

Clara Barton's House: Home of the American Red Cross
Follow Barton's remarkable career as a leader of charitable causes, from caring for the wounded on Civil War battlefields to founding the American Red Cross. (National Park/National Historic Landmark)

Clara Barton: Angel of the Battlefield. From the National Park Service

Ladies, Contraband, and Spies: Women in the Civil War, Gr.10-11. From the Library of Congress.

Secondary Resources

Blanton, DeAnne. "Confederate Medical Personnel" Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration (Spring 1994) vol. 26, no. 1.

Brugger, Robert. "Suspended between Memory and Hope (1816-1865)." In Maryland: A Middle Temperament. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Maryland Historical Society, 1988.

Brugger, Robert. "A House Divided (1850-1865)." In Maryland: A Middle Temperament. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Maryland Historical Society, 1988.

Chambers, Lisa. "Fearless under Fire." Biography (April 2002): 64-67.

Kramer, Howard D. "Effect of the Civil War on the Public Health Movement." The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 35, No. 3. (Dec., 1948), pp. 449-462.

Updike, William A. "Angel of the Battlefield." National Parks (July/August 2000): 40.

Associated Heritage and Preservation Organizations

National Museum of Civil War Medicine
48 East Patrick Street
Frederick, MD 21705-0470
Antietam National Battlefield
Sharpsburg, MD 21782-0158
Clara Barton National Historic Site
5801 Oxford Road
Glen Echo, Maryland 20812
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park
120 Chatham Lane
Fredericksburg, VA 22405

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Credits

Teaching American History in Maryland is a collaborative partnership of the Maryland State Archives and the Center for History Education (CHE), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), and the following sponsoring school systems: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System, Baltimore County Public Schools, and Howard County Public Schools.

Other program partners include the Martha Ross Center for Oral History, Maryland Historical Society, State Library Resource Center/Enoch Pratt Free Library, with assistance from the National Archives and Records Administration and the Library of Congress. The program is funded through grants from the U.S. Department of Education.

This document packet was researched and developed by Nancy Bramucci.

 

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