Immigration to America

National History Standards

Materials compiled in this document can be used by educators to fulfill the following National History Standards for Grades 5-12:

Era 6: The Development of the Industrial United States (1870-1900)

STANDARD 2: Massive immigration after 1870 and how new social patterns, conflicts, and ideas of national unity developed amid growing cultural diversity. 

Standard 2A: The student understands the sources and experiences of the new immigrants. 

7-12: Distinguish between the "old" and "new" immigration in terms of its volume and the immigrants' ethnicity, religion, language, place of origin, and motives for emigrating from their homelands. [Analyze multiple causation]
5-12
: Assess the challenges, opportunities, and contributions of different immigrant groups. [Examine historical perspectives] 

Primary Resources

  1. DESCRIPTION: Immigrant pier, Locust Point
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: early 20th century
    NOTES:
    How to order a copy of this print
    SOURCE:
    (Z24.2194)
    REPOSITORY: Maryland Historical Society

  2. DESCRIPTION: Passport - Cecco Rossa and Vaccarino Francescare
    NOTES:
    How to order a copy of this print
    REPOSITORY:
    Maryland Historical Society 

  3. DESCRIPTION: Arrival of emigrants [i.e. immigrants], Ellis Island / American Mutoscope and Biograph Company.
    OTHER TITLES: Arrival of immigrants, Ellis Island
    CREATED/PUBLISHED:
    United States : American Mutoscope and Biograph Company, 1906.
    NOTES: Information about Video Playback
    SUMMARY:
    Depicts scenes at the Immigration Depot and a nearby dock on Ellis Island. Appears to show, first, a group of immigrants lined up to board a vessel leaving the island, then another group arriving at the island and being directed off of the dock and into the Depot by a uniformed official
    SOURCE:
    Early Motion Pictures, 1897-1920
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division 

  4. DESCRIPTION: Emigrants [i.e. immigrants] landing at Ellis Island / Thomas A. Edison, Inc.
    OTHER TITLES: Immigrants landing at Ellis Island
    CREATED/PUBLISHED: United States : Thomas A. Edison, Inc., 1903.
    NOTES: Information about Video Playback
    SUMMARY: The film opens with a view of the steam ferryboat "William Myers," laden with passengers, approaching a dock at the Ellis Island Immigration Station. The vessel is docked, the gangway is placed, and the immigrant passengers are seen coming up the gangway and onto the dock, where they cross in front of the camera. From a contemporary Edison film company catalog: EMIGRANTS LANDING AT ELLIS ISLAND. Shows a large open barge loaded with people of every nationality, who have just arrived from Europe, disembarking at Ellis Island, N.Y. A most interesting and typical scene. Code word Utriele [code for telegraphic orders]. Length 140 feet. Class B. $16.80.
    SOURCE: Early Motion Pictures, 1897-1920
    REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division

  5. DESCRIPTION: Annual Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1897
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Annual Report) 1897, 1st Accession Number: MdHR 805625, Location: 2/4/8/45, I5312 
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  6. DESCRIPTION: Biennial Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1900-1901
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Biennial Report) 1900-1901 Accession Number: MdHR 805633, Location: 2/4/8/45, I5313
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  7. DESCRIPTION: Annual Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1903
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Annual Report) 1903 Manuscript Accession Number: MdHR 811271, Location: 2/3/6/12, I3111
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  8. DESCRIPTION: Annual Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1905
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Annual Report) 1905 Manuscript Accession Number: MdHR 811272, Location: 2/3/6/12, I3112
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  9. DESCRIPTION: Annual Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1905
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Annual Report) 1905 Manuscript Accession Number: MdHR 811272, Location: 2/3/6/12, I3112
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  10. DESCRIPTION: Annual Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1907
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Annual Report) 1907 Manuscript Accession Number: MdHR 811273, Location: 2/3/6/12, I3113
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  11. DESCRIPTION: Biennial Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1908-1909
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Biennial Report) 1908-1909 Accession Number: MdHR 805632, Location: 2/4/8/45, I6445
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  12. DESCRIPTION: Annual Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1910
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Annual Report) 1910 Manuscript 1910/11/01 Accession Number: MdHR 811274, Location: 2/3/6/12, I3115
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  13. DESCRIPTION: Biennial Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1910-1911
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Biennial Report) 1910-1911 Accession Number: MdHR 805631, Location: 2/4/8/45, I6446
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  14. DESCRIPTION: Biennial Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1912-1913
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Biennial Report) 1912-1913 Accession Number: MdHR 805630, Location: 2/4/8/45, I6447
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  15. DESCRIPTION: Biennial Report
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1914-1915
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Biennial Report) 1914-1915 Accession Number: MdHR 805629, Location: 2/4/8/45, I6448
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

  16. DESCRIPTION: Maryland State and the Advantages it Offers to Immigrants, especially Farmers, etc.
    DATE CREATED/PUBLISHED: n. d.
    SOURCE: BUREAU OF IMMIGRATION (Report) n.d. Accession Number: MdHR 805623, Location: 2/4/8/45, I5311
    REPOSITORY: Maryland State Archives

Additional Instructional Resources

Push and Pull of Immigration. From the Johnstown Heritage Discovery Center.

Making a Life: Creating a Community. From the Johnstown Heritage Discovery Center.

Making a Living. From the Johnstown Heritage Discovery Center.

Additional Media Resources

Immigration and Naturalization. From the Maryland State Archives.

Secondary Resources

Karras, Alan L. Sojourners in the Sun: Scottish Migrants in Jamaica and the Chesapeake, 1740-1800. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, 1992

Shufelt, Gordon H. Strangers in a Middle Land: Italian Immigrants and Race Relations in Baltimore, 1890 - 1920. UMI, Ann Arbor, MI, 1998

Vill, Martha J. "Immigrants and Ownership: Home Mortgage Financing in Baltimore, 1865 - 1914," Geographical Perspectives on Maryland's Past (1979): 150-167.

Ward, David. Cities and Immigrants: A Geography of Change in Nineteenth-Century America. Oxford University Press, New York, NY, 1971

Weatherford, Doris. Foreign and Female: Immigrant Women in America, 1840-1930. Schocken, New York, NY, 1986

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Credits

Teaching American History in Maryland is a collaborative partnership of the Maryland State Archives and the Center for History Education (CHE), University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC), and the following sponsoring school systems: Anne Arundel County Public Schools, Baltimore City Public School System, Baltimore County Public Schools, and Howard County Public Schools.

Other program partners include the Martha Ross Center for Oral History, Maryland Historical Society, State Library Resource Center/Enoch Pratt Free Library, with assistance from the National Archives and Records Administration and the Library of Congress. The program is funded through grants from the U.S. Department of Education.

This document packet was researched and developed by Nancy Bramucci.

 

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